HUMAN TRAFFICKING has been defined as the business of human beings, which involves involuntary acts such as begging, prostitution or forced labour. It is the world’s third largest illegal activity after smuggling of drugs and weapons. India is a source and destination for men, women and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation.
India is also a destination for selling of women and girls from different countries such as Nepal and Bangladesh for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Over 500 Nepalese girls were jailed in Bihar for having false documents.
India’s efforts to protect people victimised of trafficking has varied from state to state.
The government of India has undertaken several measures in the past to combat this menace. Several human rights commissions have formulated plans of action to prevent and fight human trafficking with the focus on women and children.
There is need to create awareness among the public about trafficking. Media can play a very effective role here. The government should take speedy measures to secure India’s borders so that the rackets that lead to transfer of women and children can be taken care of, and strict action is taken against them.
Furthermore, there needs to be greater co-ordination between different states in India. Investigation in cases involving human trafficking should be carried with the aim to destroy this evil once for all. Government and NGO’s should work together to rescue the victims and provide them healthcare, education and emloyement opportunities.